Summary: So, you have been looking for the history of the current nerve center of Andhra Pradesh, right? Let us explore some details.
Vijayawada, which is now the current working capital of Andhra Pradesh is rightly situated on the banks of two great rivers of the state, namely; Budameru and Krishna Rivers. Do you know that the very name of this ancient city denotes ‘the place of victory’. Yes, this is a city that can bring you victory in your life with ancient temples and with its great history.
This city is not just a municipal corporation, but it is also the proud headquarters of the urban mandal of Vijayawada located in the Krishna District of the state. The city holds another pride of being one of the suburbs of the state capital region called Amaravati and it is also the headquarters of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA). Being the great trading center in the state, it is called as Business Capital of AP. It is one of the two metropolis in the state and other is Visakhapatnam.
Another important and attractive thing about Vijayawada is that it is recognized as the ‘Global City of the Future’. This honor was given to the city by McKinsey Quarterly, a business magazine. In addition, the city also holds the pride of being one the commercial hubs in the state by registering a Gross Domestic Product of $3 billion in the year 2010. It is presumed that there will be an increase in the GDP to $17 billion by the year 2025. The city has earned these recognitions mainly because of its industrial, agricultural and political sectors. Apart from these things, the commercial element of the city is attributed to the fact that she has one of the largest railway junctions in the country.
The historic name of this ancient city is Bezawada and she holds the pride of being the second largest city in the state spread over 61.8 square kilometres. As per the census that was taken in the year 2011, the population of the city was 1,491,202 and it is nearly 40% increase as compared to the 2001 census. What has contributed towards this huge population? The reasons are many, like education, history and one of the important reasons is that she is well-connected to other parts of the state and also other parts of the country with excellent transportation facilities. Please read on to know the glorious past of this great capital city of the state of Andhra Pradesh
Legends behind the city:
Many stories are stated as the reason behind the name of the city. It is stated that Goddess Durga of the great Kanakadura Temple killed the demon and relaxed in the city for some time and as she won the demon, this place has the term ‘Vijaya’ or victory in her name, while wada is the term that denotes place or location. This means that the meaning of the city’s name is ‘place of victory’. Indrakeeladri hill, in which the Kanakadurka temple is located is referred to be as the place in which Arjuna got the Pashupatastra from Lord Shiva as per the great epic Mahabaratha. Therefore, the city was called as Vijayavatika, which later changed as Vijayawada. This city is otherwise called as ‘Bezwada’ and it is believed that the reason behind this name is that River Krishna obliged Arjuna to make a path for her to merge into the Bay of Bengal. Based on the request, Arjuna made a Bejjam, which means hole through the mountains and the place was then begun to be called as Bejjamwada, which was later changed as Bezawada. The name of this city was found to have made a mention in the stone age relics found in the banks of River Krishna.
Early days of Vijayawada:
It is found from the stone carvings in Vijayawada that besides being the folklore, this city was the seat of evolution for both Hinduism and Buddhism. Records stated that in 260 BC, King Asoka has conquered the Kalinga Empire to which this city was a part earlier. Again, in 208 AD, this area was ruled by a king called Chandra Sri Satakarni. Then, during the 5th and 6th Century, this region was the important center of Vishnukundin Rulers, during whose rule the Mogalarajapuram caves were known to have built.
The rule of Chalukyas in Vijayawada:
During the rule of Badami Chalukyas, this region saw great developments and during this period (i.e.) during the 7th century AD, the Undavalli Caves were built. This city was acting as the headquarters during the rule of Eastern Chalukyas. Under the rule of Krishnadevaraya, this place again saw great improvements. During the 639 AD, the Chinese traveller, Xuanzang visited this place because of the Buddhist influences in this region during that period.
History of Vijayawada:
The city has a great history right from British Rule in India and here are some of the milestone years in the history of this city after Indian independence:
- 1947: In this year of Indian independence, the Eastern Naval Command established their base in this city. Before the independence, the Royal Navy had their base in HMIS Circars
- 1949: This is another milestone year in the history of Vijayawada as the Scindia Shipyard was started, which was later renamed as the Hindustan Shipyard
- 1957: In this year, a refinery was started by Caltex. In the same year the light house, which was destroyed in a cyclone in the year 1876 was rebuilt.
- 1976: This city is presently functioning as the port city and the base for the same was established in the year 1976 with the inauguration of outer harbour.
- 1979: The city got the status of municipal corporation
- 1981: The steel plant at this city commenced its operations during this year.
- 2006: Vijayawada turns out to be greater Vijayawada
- 2014: This city is declared as the new capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh along with the other city Hyderabad.
Industrialization era in Vijayawada:
The first factory in this city was built by the British East India company during the 17th Century and it was named as Bezawadaapatnam. Then, the factory was occupied by the Mughal King, Aurangazeb. Finally, in the year 1735, the Dutch Colony was established in this region. The extensive railway network that is presently enjoyed by the people is attributed to the British Rule in this region. In the year 1765, the city turned out to be the British Colony. Nearly 100 years after this, the city was converted into Municipality, which paved the way for the present municipal corporation in this city.
How about education in Vijayawada?
Among the many factors that attract people towards this city, her educational facilities are stated to be one of the important reasons.
The other name used for denoting this city is ‘Vidyala Wada’. The meaning of this term is ‘place of education’, which clearly showcases her educational infrastructure. To denote her educational contribution, she is also called as ‘the Educational Sahara’ as both government-run and private run institutions are providing the best education to the future generations of the nation from Vijayawada. The government educational institutions are operating under the Vijayawada Municipal Corporation and not just at school level there are government and private run colleges in this city.
How about transportation?
As mentioned earlier, the city is well-connected not only to the other major cities in the state, but also to the other states as well. The city has a well-organized airport, railway station and Pandit Nehru Bus Station.
So, are you ready to explore more details about this victorious city and do you feel any information is missed out here? Please feel free to share your thoughts with us.